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Piano Care & Maintenance

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Piano Maintenance






HOW SHOULD I LOOK AFTER MY PIANO?

Treat your piano like a piece of valuable furniture: keep it clean and avoid standing drinks, vases of flowers, or pot plants on it. Spilled liquids can cause serious damage, the repair of which may amount to a major overhaul.

WHAT IS THE PIANO ACTION AND WHY DOES IT NEED MAINTAINING?

The action and keys are the playing mechanism of your piano and are subject to wear and tear, it is vital that these important parts of the piano are serviced from time to time by a qualified technician. Each note needs to be regulated individually to give optimum performance.

WHERE IS THE BEST PLACE TO STAND MY PIANO?

First you must consider how climate and environment affect a piano.

* TEMPERATURE - a piano does not like to be too hot or too cold. A constant 18 to 21 degrees Celsius (65 - 70 degrees Fahrenheit) is ideal.
* HUMIDITY - central heating systems dry the air, and draw moisture from the wooden components of the piano. When the heating is switched off at night the humidity rises, and conversely, as it is switched on in the morning, the humidity drops. These changes in relative humidity cause the wood alternately to shrink and expand, causing tuning instability. Ideally, you should try to keep your piano within 45 - 60 per cent relative humidity. This can be simply monitored with a humidity reading device, costing approximately £10.
* POSITION - keep the piano away from windows if possible. Do not place your piano near a radiator or other heat source, or on an inside wall where there is a radiator in the next room backing onto the piano, resulting in heat being transmitted through the wall. These locations where constant excessive heat, or fluctuating heat, are the cause of low or changing relative humidity, often are responsible for tuning instability and other serious problems, such as loose tuning pins, split soundboard and disruption of regulation.

A separate music room is considered to be ideal, but a dining room may be suitable, as this will usually be maintained at a lower temperature, and have a reasonably constant humidity level. Should you feel that your piano is in an unsuitable environment you should consider buying either a humidifier to counteract excess dryness, or a dehumidifier for excess dampness. Your piano tuner will be able to advise you.

HOW OFTEN SHOULD MY PIANO BE TUNED OR SERVICED?

Three main factors affecting a piano's performance need attention periodically:

* Pitch - the pitch will drop if the piano is not tuned on a regular basis. The stability of its environment will very much determine how often it needs to be tuned. Once every six months is recommended in most domestic situations.
Always ask your tuner if possible to put the piano back in concert pitch.
* Touch - the quality of the instrument, amount of use, and changes in its environment will determine how often the piano action should be regulated. On average this is required about every five years.




Excerpts taken from http://www.pianotuner.org.uk





 

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